The massacre followed the sacrificial logic of the scapegoat: unable to vent their violence upon its intended object, the king, the revolutionaries chose victims who symbolised the sovereign power of the king and whose deaths could serve to unify the people.... The destruction of the Swiss Guard allowed the revolutionaries to usurp and transform the royal notion of the body politic. This outcome is captured by reports the massacre of the Swiss was accompanied by cries of ´Vive la nation!´, replacing ´Vive le roi!´ — Jesse Goldhammer Since the earliest days of civilization, people have built homes not just for shelter, but to proclaim their status in the world. There is evidence from the earliest known cultures that one way in which rulers showcased power was by building a more elaborate home than those around them had. Through the centuries, as homes grew larger and better furnished, those in charge had to make their homes even larger and furnish and decorate them even more, to the extent that by the time of the Middle Ages, some homes were actually castles designed to withstand combat and allow entire communities to survive attacks by invaders. Though the need for such large dwellings eventually passed, the desire for them did not, and so the castle gave way to the palace, a building the size of a castle but as elegant as its owner could afford to make it. France, like all European countries, has had its fair share of palaces over time, but none suffered the rise and fall of fortune like the Tuileries. Built by a widow with a flair for architecture, it grew for more than a decade, along with the royal family that it housed. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Jim D. Johnston. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/086835/bk_acx0_086835_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
They say that judgment does not exist in Lourdes. Once one sets foot on this hallowed soil, all barriers of race, social status, background, and religious differences cease to exist. One is no more than a humble soul in search of a renewal of one´s connection to God. In a statement released to the French press in mid-August of 2008, Father Jacques Nieuviarts guaranteed the following: ´´Those who touch the rock at the grotto in Lourdes.... Perhaps they are praying to be imbued with the strength of this rock. Those who drink the water from the fountain feel that their inner thirst is being quenched, that they have been changed, and that the water has purified them.... In lighting the candle, they open themselves up to the clarity that comes from God, and when they depart leaving a burning candle, their prayer continues in union with the prayers of all the other people who have placed their lighted candles at the grotto....´´ Given these promises of inner peace and spiritual awakenings, not to mention the countless cases - both claimed and ´´verified´´ - of miraculous healing this supernatural town is teeming with, it comes as no surprise that this once unassuming town has now become the second most popular tourist destination in France, following Paris. Over the years, this formerly quaint, but rinky-dink, gray-roofed cottage town has more than succeeded in putting itself on the map through its mystical sanctuaries built on miracles, but how exactly did they achieve such a designation? And how much truth, if any at all, is there in these so-called miracles? Lourdes: The History and Legacy of France´s Most Famous Christian Pilgrimage Site chronicles the remarkable history of the site and the religious influence it has had over the centuries. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Jim D. Johnston. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/105201/bk_acx0_105201_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
In every nation, in every era of history, there are inevitably one or two places that become the symbol of the times. Mention Valley Forge to an American and it will immediately conjure up visions of a hard won fight for freedom. Likewise, the word Dunkirk said to a Briton will elicit a sense of both pride and horror at the lives lost and saved at that desperate point in World War II. For the French, and those who study their history, Versailles is a symbol of, as Charles Dickens once put it, ´´the best of times...the worst of times.´´ It was here that the Sun King, Louis XIV, built a palace worthy of a great nation during a time when peace was, at best, short-lived. It was at Versailles that Russian Tsar Peter the Great to study the palace´s architecture and gardens so that he could recreate them in his home country. Indeed, the greatest minds and artistic geniuses of the later stages of the Renaissance came to Versailles to build and paint, and it was here that Madame de Pompedour and her successor, Madame du Barry, used their wit and beauty to charm a king into doing their bidding. However, as history constantly demonstrates, nothing good lasts forever, and so it was with Versailles. From the royal palace, Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette frittered away the goodwill of their people, leading to the French Revolution and their executions. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Scott Clem. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/081019/bk_acx0_081019_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Beautiful France is available today! Sites and attractions are detailed in this audiobook! People associate France with beautiful Renaissance architecture; warm delicacies, like the croissant; and the French´s distinct fashion style. France is listed as the most popular tourist destination in the world. It attracts about 80 million tourists every year, on average. It is one of the leading cultural destinations in the world and is one of the sites where many international events are held. Tourists also go to France to experience Parisian cuisine and a taste of Parisian fashion. The museums, cathedrals, and palaces also provide peeks at France´s culture and demonstrate how the country looked magnificent even a few hundred years ago. The France travel experience also provides enough variety to suit different tastes and preferences. The romantic allure of France has not faded in time, and, in fact, it continues to attract people from all over the world. France is one of the destinations that you should not miss. There are various attractions to see and many other untouched places to enjoy. Here is a preview of what is inside this audiobook.... What to know about France A list of sites to visit An overview of food and dining A guide to shopping in France A beach guide Much, much more! Download your copy today! 1. Language: English. Narrator: Millian Quinteros. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/038883/bk_acx0_038883_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Meet the unforgettable Louis XV, who had the vision for one of France´s most visited sites, the Palace of Versailles. Discover his personal challenges and relationships, and better understand what motivated him and enabled him to reign France for 72 years. Meet Louis Pasteur, an amazing chemist and microbiologist. Many know about the groundbreaking work he did around pasteurization; however, few know that among many other things, he created the first vaccines for anthrax and rabies. Meet philosopher, writer, and feminist Simone de Beauvoir, who broke free from societal chains and marched to the beat of her own drum. Find out about her relationship with prominent existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre and learn more about the woman whose intellect and passion made her more than a match for her male counterparts. Discover the little-known story of Louis Bleriot, the French aviator who was the first man to fly over the English Channel. Finally, meet Louis Braille, whose pivotal work changed the lives of blind and visually impaired people around the globe. Be inspired by these amazing stories as they come to life through BioViews®, a short biographical story, similar to an interview. These inspirational audios from Amazing People Worldwide® provide a new way of learning about amazing people who made major contributions and changed our world. 1. Language: English. Narrator: full cast. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/crpr/000165/bk_crpr_000165_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The city long-adored for its medieval beauty, old-timey brasseries, and corner cafés has even more to offer today. In the last few years, a flood of new ideas and creative locals has infused a once-static, traditional city with a new open-minded sensibility and energy. Journalist Lindsey Tramuta offers detailed insight into the rapidly evolving worlds of food, wine, pastry, coffee, beer, fashion, and design in the delightful city of Paris. Tramuta puts the spotlight on the new trends and people that are making France’s capital a more whimsical, creative, vibrant, and curious place to explore than its classical reputation might suggest. With hundreds of striking photographs that capture this fresh, animated spirit - and a curated directory of Tramuta’s favorite places to eat, drink, stay, and shop - The New Paris shows us the storied City of Light as never before. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying PDF will be available in your Audible Library along with the audio. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Jenna Robino. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/abrm/000033/bk_abrm_000033_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The inspiring stories of six people who changed history. Contents:Pablo Casals, the Catalan cello playerLouis Armstrong, the American trumpet player and singerFrank Sinatra, the Italian American singer and actorÉdith Piaf, France´s famous singing starMaria Callas, the Greek opera singerElvis Presley, the man who changed pop music This book is level 3 in the Collins ELT Readers series.Level 3 is equivalent to CEF level B1. About the Amazing People series: A unique opportunity for learners of English to learn about the exceptional lives and incredible abilities of some of the most insightful people the world has seen. Each book contains six short stories, told by the characters themselves, as if in their own words. The stories explain the most significant parts of each character´s life, giving an insight into how they came to be such an important historic figure. After each story, a timeline presents the most major events in their life in a clear and succinct fashion. The timeline is ideal for checking comprehension or as a basis for project work or further research. Created in association with The Amazing People Club. About Collins ELT Readers:Collins ELT Readers are divided into four levels: Level 1 - elementary (A2) Level 2 - pre-intermediate (A2-B1) Level 3 - intermediate (B1) Level 4 - upper intermediate (B2) Each level is carefully graded to ensure that the learner both enjoys and benefits from their experience. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Collins. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/hcuk/003033/bk_hcuk_003033_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Rowan Atkinson stars as many different characters in four episodes from the classic comedy series, written by Rowan Atkinson and Richard Curtis (Four Weddings and a Funeral, Notting Hill), which investigates the lives of four great - but imaginary - men. We hear about the life and times of master orator Sir Benjamin Fletcher: writer, statesman, Nobel Prize winner, painter, farmer, diplomat, wit, etc, etc.... There’s France’s greatest thinker and philosopher, George Dupont; and actor, raconteur, and general bore Sir Corin Basin. Barry Good - the ‘Pope of pop’ - also looks back at his life (before he became a rich tax exile). Produced by Griff Rhys Jones, Atkinson’s People was one of the first radio series ever to star Rowan Atkinson and was a forerunner to the massively successful Blackadder TV series. Rowan Atkinson stars in the spoof radio series, which examined the personalities behind the headlines - co-written by Richard Curtis. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Rowan Atkinson. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/rt/bbcw/003982/rt_bbcw_003982_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
France has many treasures - food, wine, fashion, history, art. But for me, one of the France´s greatest treasures are its people. After a zillion and a half years cycling the French country backroads, I´ve had awesome adventures with incredible people, of all nationalities, and I´m going to share them with you now, in this audiobook! 1. Language: English. Narrator: Christopher Strong. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/092301/bk_acx0_092301_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.